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今週の農業・食料関係海外注目ニュース 19年6月23日

砂漠化・土壌問題

 

Desertification ‘More Dangerous and More Insidious than Wars’,IPS,19.6.18

 

There’s No Continent, No Country Not Impacted by Land Degradation,IPS,19.6.17

 

The Implacable Desertification of Planet Earth,IPS,19.6.17

 

World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought – “Let’s Grow the Future Together”,IPS,19.6.17

 

オーストラリア干ばつ

 

Drought eats into Australia's agri-accounts as we import grain, deal with 25-year low cattle herds and spiralling water costs,ABC Rural,19.6.18

Australia's drought has slashed grain production, driven the national cattle herd to 25-year lows and stripped away export value, according to the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES).

But, in its latest forecast and a series of farmer confidence surveys there are signs of positivity emerging among Australia's farmers.

ABARES reported the total value of Australia's farm production will drop 3 per cent in the coming 2019-20 season to $59 billion, while export earnings will drop by 4.5 per cent, due to declines in beef, wool, lamb and cotton.

Australia usually ranks among the world's top grain exporting nations, and cropping typically accounts for about a quarter of the value of Australia's farm produce, but this year, Australia will import grain for the first time since 2007.

Australian-owned Manildra Group is the importer and in an open letter to grain growers said it will need to import high protein wheat until the end of 2019.

"It is the first time in Manildra Group's 67-year history that exceptional drought circumstances have forced the requirement to import," the letter said.

The Agriculture Department has so far permitted Manildra to import three shipments of wheat which will be processed into gluten and starches, to be used in food and industrial manufacturing, at its Nowra factory.

It has received and is processing a further nine applications to import a variety of grain.

 

EU・ヨーロッパ

 

増大するいかさま有機食品

Commission takes action against fraud in organic products,European Commission,19,6.21

A growing demand for organic products over the last few years as well as a rapidly increasing share of organic production and retail sale in the EU creates increasing risks and challenges for the integrity of the organic food supply chain.

 

EU-南米南部共同市場自由貿易協定交渉

  フランス、ベルギー、アイルランド、ポーランドが農業に関して懸念表明

Four EU leaders express concern over EU/Mercosur farm sector deal,Merco Press,19.6.21

French President Emmanuel Macron and three other national leaders warned the European Commission that a trade deal with trade bloc Mercosur “could ultimately destabilize production and the agricultural sector.”

 In a letter reproduced in several media addressed to Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, Macron, Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar, Belgian PM Charles Michel and Polish PM Mateusz Morawiecki wrote: “We would like to express our deep concern on a number of issues concerning the current negotiation with Mercosur including on some sensitive agricultural products.”

As early as next week, EU negotiators could strike a deal with the Mercosur bloc of Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay, which will give the South Americans unprecedented access to Europe's agricultural markets in exchange for buying industrial products from the EU such as German cars.

The four heads of government emphasized in the letter, dated June 17, that the tariff-free import quota for beef — expected to be 99,000 tons — “could threaten this fragile sector in our countries” and demanded that the quotas for beef, poultry, pork, sugar and ethanol must not be increased anymore.

Macron and the other leaders also stressed that meat imports from the South American bloc should fit with the EU's climate change objectives. NGOs, scientists and others have expressed fears that a lack of enforceable environmental safeguards in the deal could trigger a surge in deforestation and human rights abuses in Brazil.

Also key to the European leaders’ demands is that the EU must have control over certifying and controlling the quotas on farm goods.

EU Agriculture Commissioner Phil Hogan said earlier in the week that the trade deal was within reach as long as Mercosur reined in its demands for farm goods, “particularly on beef, sugar, ethanol and poultry.”

 

国境を超える残留農薬

Les résidus de pesticides n’ont pas de frontières,Le Monde,19.6.17

Interdit dans huit pays européens, l’insecticide chlorpyrifos est toujours présent dans les produits alimentaires importés

La libre circulation des marchandises en Europe comporte quelques désagréments. Les résidus de pesticides peuvent voyager à bord de fruits, légumes et autres aliments jusqu’aux pays où ils sont pourtant interdits, et aux organismes de leurs habitants. C’est le cas du chlorpyrifos.

Dans l’Union européenne (UE), huit pays interdisent l’insecticide pour tous ses usages (Allemagne, Danemark, Finlande, Irlande, Lettonie, Lituanie, Slovénie, Suède). Depuis 2016, la France ne le tolère plus que pour la culture d’un seul légume, les épinards, qui bénéficient d’une dérogation. Cette année-là, il s’en était vendu plus de 156 tonnes dans le pays sous la forme d’une quarantaine de produits commerciaux portant les noms de Kregan, Nelpon ou encore Pyrinex, selon les données du ministère de l’agriculture.

En 2013 par exemple, une étude menée en Suède a détecté la présence de chlorpyrifos dans les urines de femmes âgées de plus de 40 ans alors que l’insecticide n’a jamais été homologué pour un usage agricole dans le pays. Au Danemark, où l’usage du chlorpyrifos est très restreint, plus de 140 « couples » d’écoliers et leurs mères ont participé à un projet de recherche européen de biosurveillance, Democophes. Les urines de la quasi-totalité d’entre eux contenaient des traces d’organophosphorés, la famille du chlorpyrifos.

Chaque année, dans toute l’UE, les autorités nationales effectuent des tests aléatoires sur des échantillons d’aliments. Le chlorpyrifos figure parmi les pesticides les plus détectés. C’était aussi le pesticide perturbateur endocrinien le plus présent sur les fruits et légumes testés en 2015, selon un rapport de l’ONG Pesticide Action Network (PAN Europe) à partir de ces données officielles centralisées par l’Autorité européenne de sécurité alimentaire (EFSA).

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Author:寿
農業情報研究所(WAPIC)=http://www.juno.dti.ne.jp/~tkitaba/の所長・所員・小使いを兼務。原発事故で「明るい農業・農村」の夢を失った老い先短い老人です。かつての行動派も病魔のために身体不如意、情報提供と批評に徹します。

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