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気候変動関係 今日の内外注目記事 19年11月30-12月1-2日

COP25

【解説】パリ協定離脱表明の米国、COP25に代表派遣はなぜ? AFPBB 19.12.2

「温暖化は自然による人類への抵抗」 グテレス国連事務総長 AFPBB 19.12.2

Climate change: Critical year for climate change starts in Madrid,BBC,19.12.2

FT SPECIAL REPORTManaging Climate Change,FT.com,19.12.2 ;Financial Times,FT SPECIAL REPORT,pp.1-4

More countries will pledge to adopt or consider net zero targets at this year’s climate talks in Madrid. We also discuss the growing danger of extreme weather on assets; how rich and poor regions can prepare for drought; and Vanuatu threatens to sue polluters over climate effect

Madrid faces ‘net zero’ challenge

Countries are being pressed to agree targets and deadlines to cut carbon

Climate change turns political spectrum green

Old parties switch stance as they realise how many votes are in the environment

When extreme weather threat needs a stilted response

Asset owners must grapple with growing dangers

Spectre of increased drought divides world’s rich and poor

Stress on water supply will be a test for some cash-strapped states

Carbon pricing: you can’t keep a good idea down

The introduction of added costs must be matched by policies that can command popular support

Vanuatu weighs legal action in wake of cyclone

Pacific island nation hopes litigation will force polluters to curb emissions

Why ‘100% renewable energy’ pledges are not enough

We need to hold companies to higher standards that better meet the planet’s needs

Avant la COP25, le secrétaire général de l’ONU appelle à la fin de la « guerre contre la nature ».

Le Monde,19.12.2

Climat : l’état d’urgence.Le Monde,19.12.1

Une course de lenteur pour sauver la Terre.Le Monde,19.12.1

« Face au réchauffement de la planète, nous n’avons plus le temps ».Le Monde,19.12.1

Africa’s Civil Society Calls for Action as COP25 Kicks off in Madrid,IPS,19.12.2

   

海洋―漁業をめぐる国際紛争

As fish cross political boundaries, that can create a platform for conflict.

Warming Waters, Moving Fish: How Climate Change Is Reshaping IcelandThe New York Times,19.12.2

Ocean temperatures are on the rise and warming waters are causing fish to swim for their lives, causing financial disruption and international conflicts. 

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Different species of fish evolved to live in specific water temperatures, with some fish like sea bass requiring the temperate ocean climates like those found off the mid-Atlantic region of the United States, and tropical fish like the Spanish hogfish preferring warmer waters such as those in the Caribbean. But these days, fishermen are finding sea bass in Maine and the Spanish hog fish in North Carolina. And as the fish flee they are leaving some areas, like parts of the tropics, stripped of fish entirely.

What’s more, fish “need more oxygen when the temperature is higher,” said Daniel Pauly, a professor of aquatic systems at the Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries at the University of British Columbia, but warmer water holds less oxygen than colder water.

The fish are swimming for their lives, according to Jennifer Jacquet, an associate professor of environmental studies at N.Y.U. “They are moving in order to breathe,” she said.

In colder climates, like Iceland, as fish like capelin head north other fish that were previously found farther south move into their waters.

“Mackerel and monkfish used to be south of the country,” said Kari Thor Johannsson. “But now they are up here or west of the country where it used to be colder.”

As fish cross political boundaries, that can create a platform for conflict.

In the case of Atlantic mackerel, the fishery is comanaged by Norway, the Faroe Islands and the European Union. The mackerel’s arrival in significant numbers in Icelandic waters in 2005 shifted the relationship.

“A lot of fisheries management is about allocation between groups. So everybody’s fighting for a piece of the pie,” said Andrew Rosenberg, director of the Center for Science and Democracy at the Union of Concerned Scientists.

In the ensuing discussions Britain would accuse Iceland of stealing its fish, a Norwegian civil servant would accuse Iceland of making up its own rules, and all of the parties would accuse each other of varying degrees of fighting dirty.

“It doesn’t just stay as a fisheries management conflict,” said Malin Pinsky, an assistant professor in the department of ecology, evolution and natural resources at Rutgers University.

“In the Iceland case it also spilled over and became a trade war,” he said. “It affected international negotiations and seems to be part of the reason that Iceland decided not to join the European Union.”

The negotiations between Norway, the Faroe Islands, the European Union and Iceland over mackerel never came to a consensus, partly because the fish migrated into waters where Iceland has exclusive fishing rights and the nation chose to unilaterally set its own quotas. This year it raised its mackerel quota by 30 percent, to 140,000 tons from 108,000 tons.

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オーストラリア森林火災

Bushfire survivor pickets Parliament over inaction on climate change,Sydney Morning Herald,19.12.2

 

日本

既存ビルにも報告義務港区、独自の温暖化対策 エネルギー消費量など(東京) 東京新聞 19.12.2

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農業情報研究所(WAPIC)=http://www.juno.dti.ne.jp/~tkitaba/の所長・所員・小使いを兼務。原発事故で「明るい農業・農村」の夢を失った老い先短い老人です。かつての行動派も病魔のために身体不如意、情報提供と批評に徹します。

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