FC2ブログ

記事一覧

海の異変、豪森林火災 中国金属鉱山 今日の内外注目記事19年12月29-30日

<海の異変>

不漁原因の高水温 弱い親潮が原因 専門家「特異現象」 北海道新聞 19.12.30

 秋サケやサンマなど北海道の主力魚種は今季、深刻な不漁に見舞われた。北海道の太平洋沿岸の海水温が高めに推移した影響が大きく、親潮の勢力が極端に弱くなる特異な現象も発生。これまでに例のない海洋環境の変化があった可能性もある。長期的に取れる魚が入れ替わる「魚種交代」のほか、外国船の大量漁獲や資源量の先細りも絡み、漁獲量の回復は見通せない。

 

<オーストラリア森林火災>

豪森林火災、観光客に足止めの恐れ たな熱波到来 AFPBB 19.12.30

Australia fires worsen as every state hits 40C,BBC,19.12.30

Bushfire threatens homes in Melbourne's north,Sydney Morning Herald,19.12.30

Heatwave, bushfires threaten Victoria's power grid,Sydney Morning Herald,19.12.30

Victoria Bushfires LIVE: Mill Park residents urged to shelter indoors because of Plenty Gorge fire,Sydney Morning Herald,19.12.30

 

<広大な農地と水を汚染する中国非鉄金属鉱山>

スマホ電池、電気自動車、航空機機体・・・増加する世界の需要を賄う中国非鉄金属鉱山が広大な農地と水を汚染、そこで暮らす人々の生活を脅かしている。

Chinese metal mines feed the global demand for gadgets. They’re also poisoning China’s poorest regions.The  Washington Post,19.12.29

Across southern China — far from the affluent coasts and Beijing’s gaze — a vast metals industry has fed the country’s manufacturing boom and sated global demand for components used in products from smartphone batteries to electric motors to jet airframes.

China’s production of material such as aluminum, copper, lead and zinc, known as base or nonferrous metals, has soared as the country has become the world’s factory floor. Combined output was 57 million tons last year, up from 6 million in 1998, according to the China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association.

But some of the country’s most isolated, impoverished communities are paying the price.

In Guangxi, a balmy southern region that has some of China’s most concentrated mineral deposits, large tracts of farmland lay wasted by runoff carrying cadmium and lead. Metal miners toil in shafts deadlier than China’s notorious coal pits.

Villagers roll up their sleeves to show deformities caused by ingesting food contaminated by heavy metals. Residents wait daily for shipments of fresh water.

In the past decade, China’s top leaders have steadily tightened regulations on the metals industry, including introducing the country’s first soil pollution law last year.

After an eight-year study that began as a state secret, the Chinese government said in 2014 that 20 percent of the country’s farmland was contaminated and a third of its surface water unfit for human contact. Top officials said last month that they had set aside $4 billion to clean up contaminated soil — similar to the U.S. Superfund — yet it’s a fraction of the $1 trillion that some Chinese experts predict is needed.

スポンサーサイト



コメント

コメントの投稿

非公開コメント

プロフィール

Author:寿
農業情報研究所(WAPIC)=http://www.juno.dti.ne.jp/~tkitaba/の所長・所員・小使いを兼務。原発事故で「明るい農業・農村」の夢を失った老い先短い老人です。かつての行動派も病魔のために身体不如意、情報提供と批評に徹します。

フリーエリア

フリーエリア

PVアクセスランキング にほんブログ村

カテゴリ