海の異変、豪森林火災 中国金属鉱山 今日の内外注目記事19年12月29-30日


不漁原因の高水温 弱い親潮が原因 専門家「特異現象」 北海道新聞 19.12.30




豪森林火災、観光客に足止めの恐れ たな熱波到来 AFPBB 19.12.30

Australia fires worsen as every state hits 40C,BBC,19.12.30

Bushfire threatens homes in Melbourne's north,Sydney Morning Herald,19.12.30

Heatwave, bushfires threaten Victoria's power grid,Sydney Morning Herald,19.12.30

Victoria Bushfires LIVE: Mill Park residents urged to shelter indoors because of Plenty Gorge fire,Sydney Morning Herald,19.12.30




Chinese metal mines feed the global demand for gadgets. They’re also poisoning China’s poorest regions.The  Washington Post,19.12.29

Across southern China — far from the affluent coasts and Beijing’s gaze — a vast metals industry has fed the country’s manufacturing boom and sated global demand for components used in products from smartphone batteries to electric motors to jet airframes.

China’s production of material such as aluminum, copper, lead and zinc, known as base or nonferrous metals, has soared as the country has become the world’s factory floor. Combined output was 57 million tons last year, up from 6 million in 1998, according to the China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association.

But some of the country’s most isolated, impoverished communities are paying the price.

In Guangxi, a balmy southern region that has some of China’s most concentrated mineral deposits, large tracts of farmland lay wasted by runoff carrying cadmium and lead. Metal miners toil in shafts deadlier than China’s notorious coal pits.

Villagers roll up their sleeves to show deformities caused by ingesting food contaminated by heavy metals. Residents wait daily for shipments of fresh water.

In the past decade, China’s top leaders have steadily tightened regulations on the metals industry, including introducing the country’s first soil pollution law last year.

After an eight-year study that began as a state secret, the Chinese government said in 2014 that 20 percent of the country’s farmland was contaminated and a third of its surface water unfit for human contact. Top officials said last month that they had set aside $4 billion to clean up contaminated soil — similar to the U.S. Superfund — yet it’s a fraction of the $1 trillion that some Chinese experts predict is needed.









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