気候変動関係 今日の注目記事 20年2月11日

ロシア 気候変動抑止緊急行動を

Putin’s Top Climate Adviser Calls for Urgent Climate Action,Moscow Times,20.2.10

President Vladimir Putin's senior adviser on climate change has called for Russia to take urgent action toward climate change, including taking more substantive steps to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels.

Speaking at a press conference in Moscow on Thursday, Ruslan Edelgeriev said Russia failed to achieve Putin’s goal of reducing the share of fossil fuels in the country’s economy by 40% from 2007-2020. The actual decrease was just 12%. 

If current rates of reduction don’t change, Russia won’t reach this goal until 2043, which would be a “serious problem,” Edelgeriev said.

He pointed to natural disasters like last summer’s widespread wildfires in Siberia as a sign that Russia needs to take action against climate change.



Most Finnish municipalities cut emissions, but a few buck the trend,YLE,20.2.10

‎According to figures released by the Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) on Monday, nearly all of Finland's 310 municipalities lowered their output of climate-warming gases between 2005 and 2017.

In just 16 municipalities, emissions grew or remained steady during the 12-year period.

On average, emissions dropped by 15 percent. Although most local authorities are moving in the right direction, there is still a long way to go to reach the reduction targets, " says Johannes Lounasheimo, a senior specialist at SYKE.

"Perhaps we have not quite realised yet what major changes are required to achieve these emissions cuts. The challenge is huge, but it is still completely possible to reach them," he tells Yle.

Change in greenhouse gas emissions in Finland's biggest cities, 2005-2017

Helsinki -8%

Espoo -7%

Tampere -16%

Vantaa -1%

Oulu -19%

Turku -21%

Jyväskylä -18%

Wind power offset

There are drastic differences in various municipalities' emissions cuts. For instance Simo in Finnish Lapland is estimated to have lowered its emissions by 121 percent. That is largely due to active construction of wind turbines in the area.

"Our calculations include a compensation mechanism, whereby wind power production within a municipality is considered to offset its emissions. During this period, wind power capacity grew in Simo," Lounasheimo explains.

On the other hand, Ilomantsi in North Karelia, far eastern Finland, is listed as expanding its emissions. That is due to the re-starting of a peat-powered pellet factory.









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