新型コロナと農業・食料 蜜蜂移動制限、ドイツ食肉産業 20年5月21日


Coronavirus lockdowns keep bees at home and put crops at risk,Deutsche Welle,20.5.20

‎Restrictions limiting the movement of pollinators could hurt crops, adding pressure to a food system already reeling from conflict, climate change and the coronavirus pandemic.

Coronavirus lockdowns that keep farmers from fields and suppliers from markets are restricting another cornerstone of the agriculture industry: bees.

Responsible for pollinating about a third of the plants we eat, bees are in short supply and their numbers declining globally. In large, food-exporting countries like the US and China, there are too few local bees to pollinate crops — so beekeepers truck hives thousands of kilometers to pollinate fields.

Now, travel restrictions to halt the spread of the coronavirus are hurting the pollination industry by keeping bees at home. They are also stopping some beekeepers from feeding their hives, grounding flights that could import bees from abroad, and making it harder to hire seasonal workers to transport them, said Etienne Bruneau of Apimondia, the international federation of beekeepers. Some farmers "arrive in the [pollinating] season without bees and nobody to help them."

In the US, which is the world's biggest agricultural exporter but has fewer beehives than Spain, farmers rely on bees trucked long distances on pallets and forklifted into fields. California grows more than 3 in 4 of the world's almonds and each spring about two-thirds of the country's bee population is mobilized to pollinate them. The bees are then loaded onto trucks and sent elsewhere to fields of cherries, apples, blueberries, cranberries, pumpkins and other foods.

Pollination services contribute $15-20 billion (€13.7- €18.3 billion) to the value of US crop production and, for many beekeepers, it is more lucrative than making honey. When bees gather nectar, pollen sticks to their bodies and rubs off onto other plants they land on. Harvest losses without their help can range from 5-10% for grains like rapeseed to as high as 80% for almonds and cherries, said Bruneau.・・・


<ドイツ 食肉産業>

Opinion: Germans should get used to paying more for meat,Deutsche Welle,20.5.21

‎The German government has announced reforms to the meat industry to improve working conditions. DW's Jens Thurau writes that people should think twice before buying — and eating — cheap meat.

Germany agrees stricter meat industry regulations following coronavirus outbreaks,Deutsche Welle,20.5.20

‎The new rules agreed by the German government take aim at the meat industry's widespread use of subcontractors and seeks to bolster the rights of migrant workers. DW takes a look at what the changes mean.









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